Kazakhstan country


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Kazakhstan - the crossroad of Europe and Asia. For thousands of years the land was on the border between civilizations and religions. The result - a very distinctive culture

[Google Translate:] Kazakhstan - the crossroads of Europe and Asia. For millennia, the land was located on the border of civilizations and religions. Wave of migration times overwhelmed the territory of Kazakhstan in different directions. As a result, there were exceptionally distinctive culture. The country occupies a huge territory - from the Southern Urals to the Tien Shan, from the Caspian Sea to the plains of Western Siberia. It has borders with Russia, in the south - with Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan in the east - with China. Kazakhstan - steppe region (1 / 3 of the territory). To the south zone of the steppes are vast deserts and semi-desert. Only 10% area falls on the high mountains, located on the east (Altay) and southeast (Dzhungarskiy Alatau, Tien Shan). The climate of the republic - is sharply continental: the north of its territory is subjected to the penetration of cold air that reaches to the Tien Shan. Average temperature in January is -19 C, in the extreme south of -3-5 ° C. However, the frost can reach - 40-45 ° C. The summer weather is not too different softness. The average temperature in July +19 ... +20 ° C, in southern +28 ... +30 ° C. On the plains of sediments are insignificant: in the steppe zone - 200 - 300 mm per year in the deserts - even less. Most of the precipitation falls in the mountains, where their annual rate of up to 800 - 1000 and sometimes 1500 mm. Popular culture of the Kazakhs was based on the ancient traditions of nomadic peoples of Central Asia. The life of nomads was associated with the constant movement of cattle to new pastures.Kazakhstan is famous for many attractions of ancient history and culture. One of the most significant monuments - this is the mausoleum of the Muslim saint and poet Ahmed Yasawi, built in the XIV century. Turkestan (in antiquity - Yasa) in southern Kazakhstan. The building is striking with its size, perfection of forms and architectural decoration. Inside it is a huge bronze cauldron, which is considered sacred. Mausoleum of Ahmed Yasavi revered by Muslims not only in Kazakhstan and throughout Central Asia, but also other states. Thousands of pilgrims annually visit it. To the south of Turkestan are the ruins of the ancient city Otrar, who was in the XIII century. destroyed by the troops of Genghis Khan. In the past, this city was known as Parabolic (Fa-slave). This birthplace of world-renowned scientist and philosopher al-Farabi (X cent.), Called "the Second Teacher" (after the famous Greek philosopher Aristotle). Today in Otrar conducted extensive archaeological excavations. One of the important monuments is the city Sairam, in antiquity known as Ispijab (Isfidzhab). Legend tells that during the Arab invasion of the city located on the northernmost border of the Muslim world, and here were the graves of many soldiers who died for the true faith. The ancient city of Shymkent, southern Kazakhstan are (known to the XII century). Jambul and (until 1936 - Taraz Airport), where the mausoleum (X - XI cent.) With the ashes of "Holy Father" Karaha-on, one of the legendary Muslim leaders of the Middle Ages. Jambul is known from the V. under the name of Taraz (Talas). Nature monument is the Alma-Ata reserve, founded in 1931 and occupies about 90 hectares. There are "Singing Sands", are found ibex, snow leopard, the marten-belodushka etc.The site - video presentation of Kazakhstan.

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