Lower Saxony is the second largest state of Germany. It shares borders with several federal states of Germany and the Netherlands. To the south-east its natural boundary is the Harz mountains, to the north - the North Sea.
The landscape of Lower Saxony can be divided into three natural zones: the Harz mountains range, mountainous terrain about the Weser river and in the center - the North European Plain with the Lüneburg Heath.
The сapital is Hanover. Free cities (Kreisfreie Städte): Brunswick, Wilhelmshaven, Wolfsburg, Delmenhorst, Salzgitter, Oldenburg, Osnabruck, Emden. On the territory of Lower Saxony there are two else big free Hanseatic cities - Bremen and Hamburg, which have their own status of federal states.
Agriculture is in the basis of Lower Saxony's economy, thank to local soils - the most fertile in Germany. Automotive, shipbuilding and fishing industries are also highly developed here. Wolfsburg homes the headquarters of famous Volkswagen Group.
The ancient land of Lower Saxony is rich in tourist attractions. Magnificent palaces, international fairs, held in Hanover, traditional shooter’s festivals, national parks, the oldest of which is in the Lüneburg Heath and an excellent opportunity to relax on shores of the North Sea and the East Frisian Islands attract tourists from all over the world. There are all conditions for winter sports in the Harz mountains.
Germany is replete with medieval castles, green river valleys, mysterious forests and neat villages. Every city has the unique character, shaped by its history and surroundings