Saxony is the easternmost federal state of Germany. It has borders with Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt - to the west, Brandenburg - to the north, Bavaria – to the south-west, with Poland - to the east and the Czech Republic - to the south. State’s capital is Dresden. The free towns of Saxony: Dresden, Leipzig, Chemnitz, Goerlitz, Plauen, Hoyerswerda and Zwickau.
In the tenth century Germanic tribes invaded the land in the river Elbe area, inhabited by Slavic tribes. Since then, a history of Saxony has begun. The country remained a monarchy until 1918. November 10, 1918 in Saxony was proclaimed a republic, which lasted until 1934. After the Second World War in the Soviet zone of Germany the Free State of Saxony was formed from the former state of Saxony and the western part of the Prussian province of Silesia. After the reunification of Germany in 1990 Saxony has become the federal state of Germany.
In 1709 the alchemist Johann Friedrich Böttger (1682-1719) in his Dresden laboratory invented a recipe for porcelain making. One year later, the porcelain tableware production factory was established in the city of Meissen. The company’s trade-mark, crossed and curved blue swords, is famous throughout the world. Handicrafts from the Ore Mountains: toys, laces on bobbins, wood carving are also widely known.
Saxony attracts tourists with magnificent monuments of palace and park architecture. Dresden Zwinger Palace, the palace of Moritzburg, the Klaffenabah castle, Pillnitz palace and park, garden and park ensemble of Heidenau-Groszedlitz and many other attractions of this ancient land will leave unforgettable impressions.
Germany is replete with medieval castles, green river valleys, mysterious forests and neat villages. Every city has the unique character, shaped by its history and surroundings