The Principality of Andorra, one of “dwarf” states of Europe, which has no outlet to the sea, is situated in the eastern Pyrenees between France and Spain. The territory of Andorra is 468 sq. km. Capital city - Andorra la Vella.
High rocky mountains, separated by narrow valleys dominate in the relief of Andorra. There are many mountain lakes of glacial origin.
On the territory of the country there are deposits of iron ore and lead.
Andorra\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\'s climate is moderate, with cold snowy winters and cool dry summers. Average temperature: +9 C.
The population: Andorrans - 31% of Spaniards - 45%, Portuguese - 11%, French - 8%. Official language is Catalan. Most Andorrans also speak Spanish, French or both. Most of the population (99%) are Roman Catholics.
Andorra is a parliamentary co-principality.The President of France and the Bishop of Urgell (Catalonia, Spain) are co-princes in a duumvirate.
Tourist industry lies in the basis of country’s economy. Andorra is an ancient country first mentioned in Latin chronicles of the II century BC. There is no a large number of architectural monuments here, but still sufficient quantities of well preserved Roman bridges, ruins of Arab castles and medieval churches. The main attractions of Andorra are alpine resorts of highest level of service and environmental conditions. All these put the country among the best mountain resort areas of Europe.
The banking sector, with its tax haven status, also plays a prominent role in the economy of Andorra. Manufacturing output consists mainly of cigarettes, cigars, and furniture