Bahrain is an island state, located in the eponymous archipelago in the Persian Gulf in southwestern Asia. The archipelago consists of 33 different-size islands (the largest - Bahrain, is 50km in length and 16 km in width).
The climate of the country ranges from tropical to subtropical. Precipitation is small (90 mm per year), but humidity is very high. That is why summer heat is difficult to bear. An average January temperature is 16*C, an average temperature in July-August 37*C.
Periodically islands suffer from dust storms and droughts. There are no rivers here. Desert landscapes are dominated.
Drought-resistant plants grow in deserts. In some areas there are artificial plantation of Arabian acacia. In the areas, where groundwater comes to a surface, there are oases with date palms and other crops. Among a rather poor fauna are dominated birds, rodents and reptiles. In the coastal waters are found about 400 species of fish, including commercial; a lot of sea turtles. Coral reefs are rich in crabs, lobsters, shrimp, clams. Species diversity of corals is amazing - about 2000 species.
For centuries, Bahrain was a major center of pearling. Numerous pearl farms and pearl auctions are open to visitors in Bahrain Today.
The cultural heritage of Bahrain is closely linked with Islamic traditions. Among the main attractions of Bahrain are such masterpieces of the Islamic architecture as the great Friday Mosque in Manama, the House of the Quran, the National Museum.
According to a legend, famous Sinbad the Sailor from the fairy tales of "Thousand and One Nights', lived in Bahrain, and the famous traveler Marco Polo has also visited the country.
The earliest evidence of human inhabitants (the oldest of which is more than 100 thousand years) is found in Bahrain.