It is known that the city of Athens - the capital of Greece and the Greek region of Attica - was named in honor of its patroness, the goddess of wisdom, Pallas Athena, but the circumstances of its foundation are lost in ancient times.
In a period of high rise of Greek civilization (I millennium BC) Athens was considered to be the most influential city of the Peloponnesus, and in V-IV centuries BC, which are called the "golden age" of ancient Greece, the city earned the glory of the main cultural and intellectual center of the entire Western world.
In the center of the Greek capital, on a high hill, the Acropolis rises like elegant crown. It can be seen from every point of the city, and graceful proportions of white columns of the Parthenon, highlighted by bright blue sky, are an eternal symbol of history.
Today's Athens is a major political, economic, scientific and cultural center, a city full of contrasts and surprises, beautiful and wonderfully diverse: ancient, Byzantine, classical and modern. It homes president’s residence, government, parliament, universities, including the largest University of Athens, Polytechnic Institute, Graduate School of Political Science, Olympic Stadium, the Opera House, Conservatory, theaters, winter and summer cinemas, museums and art galleries. Among museums worth noting the National Archaeological Museum, the Museum of the Acropolis, Byzantine Museum, the National Art Gallery, Benaki Museum and the Museum of Ceramics. On the northern slope of the Acropolis hill is located an ancient Plaka district with its narrow winding streets, small houses, taverns, restaurants, souvenir shops.
If you want to combine beach relaxation with excursions to cultural monuments of the world significance, Greece is an ideal place for your vacations
The Acropolis is the main symbol of Athens, listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The main temple of the Acropolis is the Parthenon