Solomon Islands follows the Westminster system of democracy with the British monarch retained as head of state, represented in the country by a Governor General.
The Prime Minister is head of government who leads a group of cabinet ministers.
The country’s 50 – seat parliament, perched on a ridge overlooking Honiara, sits several times a year. ment may be dissolved by majority vote of its members before the completion of its term.
Parliament may be dissolved by majority vote of its members before the completion of its term. Parliamentary representation is based on single-member constituencies. Suffrage is universal for citizens over age of 18.
The Prime Minister, elected by Parliament, chooses the other members of the cabinet. Each ministry is headed by a cabinet member, who is assisted by a permanent secretary, a career public servant, who directs the staff of the ministry.
For local government, the country is divided into 10 administrative areas, of which nine are provinces, administered by elected provincial assemblies, and the 10th is the city of Honiara, administered a city council, headed by a mayor.
Land ownership is reserved for Solomon Islanders. At the time of independence, citizenship was granted to all persons whose parents are or were both British protected persons and members of a group, tribe, or line indigenous to the Solomon Islands.
The law provides that resident expatriates, such as the Chinese and Kiribati, may obtain citizenship through naturalization. Land generally is still held on a family or village basis and may be handed down from mother or father according to local custom.
The islanders are reluctant to provide land for non-traditional economic undertakings, and this has resulted in continual disputes over land ownership.
Point Cruz Harbour - Honiara
The main port of entry into the Solomon Islands is at Henderson International Airport on the island of Guadalcanal. Situated approximately 15 minutes drive from the airport is the capital, Honiara. The town is on the northern coastline and incorporates a small picturesque sea port at Point Cruz. Visitors will enjoy the hustle and bustle of Honiara and there are many things to do and see.
No military forces are maintained by the Solomon Islands, although the police force of nearly 500 includes a border protection element. The police also have responsibility for fire service, disaster relief, and maritime surveillance. The police force is headed by a commissioner, appointed by the Governor General and responsible to the Prime Minister.
Solomon Islands lie out of mass tourist routes. There are no luxury resorts. The archipelago offers one of the richest on the earth underwater world, miles of lonely sandy beaches and wonderful sense of calm