Angola is the country in south-western Africa, bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north-east and north, Zambia to the east. To the west from Angola is the Atlantic Ocean.
The country is divided into 18 provinces. Portuguese is the official state language. African languages are also common used. More than 53% of Angola's population are Christians. Most of them - Catholics (38%) and Protestants (15%). About 47% of Angolans practice local beliefs.
Angola was discovered in 1482 by the Portuguese explorer Diogo Cão. In 1576 the Portuguese established a fort of Sao Paulo de Luanda, which later has became the capital of the country. Until the middle of the XIX th century the main occupation of the Portuguese in Angola was the slave trade (for 300 years the country had exported about 5 million people). In 1885-1894 - Portugal, Belgium, Germany and Britain have signed the agreement that determined the modern borders of Angola. In 1951, Angola received the status of "overseas province" of Portugal. In 1961 the war for independence lasted 14 years, has began. The independence of Angola was proclaimed on the November 11, 1975.
Atlantic coast of Angola is occupied by coastal lowlands, which climb by steep scarp to the plateau, occupying more than 90% of the country. The climate of coastal lowlands is dry due to cold Benguela Current passing along the coast, which lowers the temperature of coastal air up to 24-26 ˚ C in the warmest month (March) and up to 16-20 ˚ C in the coldest month (July). During a long rainy season most of the rivers overflow, in dry season - get shallow and totally dry in the south.
Forests and woodlands cover about 40% of the territory of Angola. Fauna of Angola is typical for savannah: elephants, zebras, antelopes, buffaloes, jackals, lions, cheetahs, leopards, warthog, aardvark, monkeys, a variety of reptiles and insects. The coastal waters are rich in fish.
The country has significant reserves of natural resources; main - oil and diamonds, as well as iron ore, phosphates, copper, gold, bauxite, uranium.
Tourism industry in Angola is relatively weak developed, because most of the country was destroyed during the post-colonial civil war